Discover Romania’s Regions
Oltenia
Horezu pottery © Luana Butoi

What you should know about Oltenia

Also known as Lesser Wallachia, Oltenia is famous for its geographical diversity, from the Carpathian Mountains in the North, to the plains washed by the Danube river in the South. Although it’s not so popular amongst tourists as the neighbouring Transylvania or Muntenia, Oltenia isn’t short of either natural or cultural attractions.
  1. Follow Brancusi’s art trail. One of the main delights of the region is the “Constantin Brancusi” National Cultural Complex, in Targu Jiu. Situated outdoors, it comprises three sculptures by the world-renowned Romanian artist, one of the most influential modernist sculptors of the 20th century.
  2. In Horezu, visit the Brancovan-style monastery, included on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. You could also visit the pottery workshop center here, famous for its unique type of traditional handmade ceramics, also inscribed on UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists.
  3. Visit Cozia Monastery, built in the 14th century and nestling in a charming forest, deep in an idyllic natural setting.
  4. Explore the million-year-old Polovragi Cave. At over 10 kilometres in length, it’s one of Europe’s longest. Polovragi is also a place of mystery and legend, and is considered to be home to the ancient Dacians’ god, Zamolxes.
  5. The region is also rich in wineries, and the most notable ones are Dragasani, Avincis, Bauer and Stirbey. Make sure you visit them all and find your favorite tipple.